Beijing Claims its Weapon Sales 'Promote Peace and Stability'
Are Chinese weapons sales 'stoking conflict, and repression' around the world, as a new report from Amnesty international charges? Readers will likely breathe a sigh of relief, since according to China's state-controlled People's Daily, since only enterprises licensed by Beijing's authoritarian government are permitted to export weapons, this cannot be the case ...
June 12, 2006
China - People's Daily - Original
Is it possible that Beijing's weapons exports are 'stoking conflict and
repression' around the world? Absolutley not, according to China's
been exporting conventional weapons properly, reasonably, legally, unimpeachably,
and in light of international rules, Chinese expert said on Monday.
Jianqun, a researcher with the China Arms Control and Disarmament Association,
told Xinhua that China has always put its limited arms exports under strict
control and surveillance, and he denounced Amnesty International's slam against
the way China trades weapons as irresponsible and groundless .
rights group released a report on Sunday, accusing China of stoking regional
conflicts and human right violations [repression, is the word Amnesty used] by
exporting large amounts of weaponry to Sudan, Nepal, Myanmar and Africa's Great
charge comes is completely unexpected, since China always abides by related
international conventions and imposes rigid controls on arms exports and the transfer
of military technologies," Teng said.
that China adheres to three principles when trading arms: it must help enhance
the self-defense capability of the receiving countries, it should not impair
regional or global peace, security and stability, and should not be used to
interfere with the internal affairs of other countries.
attitude on this has been widely applauded around the world, and its weapons
sales have not jeopardized regional peace or created a single human rights
disaster," he said.
one of the most lucrative businesses in the world, the arms trade plays an
important role in ensuring profits and sustaining military production in many
countries. In one way or another, nations capable of producing and exporting
weapons will always strive for a greater market share. But China continues to export
less weaponry than many other countries," Teng said.
from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
show that from 2000 to 2004, export by
the United States was estimated at $25.9 billion. Weapons exported by China during
this period were valued at $1.4 billion, just 5 percent of that of the United
States, the statistics show.
that China wasn't even engaged in the sale of arms until the 1980s, but has
kept its sales limited.
to the United Nations Conventional Arms Register, China sells much less
conventional weaponry to other countries than the United States, Russia,
Britain, France and Germany," he said.
weapons trafficking in small arms have created tremendous danger in many
countries and regions, having been used in 47 out of the 49 of the world's major
conflicts during the 1990s, taking up to 500,000 lives per year, 80 percent of
which were women and children.
why China has shown particular concern over its small arms export, and has passed
a series of laws and regulations to oversee the production, storage, transport,
trade, use and control of small arms, Teng said.
a Law on the Control of Guns in July 1996, issued regulations on the Administration
of Arms Exports in October 1997, and began amending theses regulations in
Chinese hand-held arms:
a force for stability?
to the regulations, only licensed enterprises are allowed to be engaged in the arms trade, and their export items and contracts must pass
strict controls by related departments. Weapons producers must also show valid
certificates from the importing countries, including end users. Those who break
the regulations may receive punishments and even criminal penalties, Teng said.
report irresponsibly rebuked China's arms suppliers for their defiance of
related laws and regulations," Teng said.
companies in China all keep detailed records of the entire production process,
and many have special computer management systems. Weapons made in China are
clearly marked with code identifying the type, batch, production date and
company, to ensure that the government is able to identify and trace each weapon.
cannot say there are no loopholes, but certainly far fewer compared with some Western
countries like the United States, " Teng said.
also set up a system to identify the end users of its exported weapons, to
prevent the arms from entering politically or religiosly sensitive and unstable
principles and actions regarding the arms trade not only facilitate global
peace and regional stability, but promote the healthy development of arms
control and disarmament," Teng said.